Konkow Valley Band of Maidu
TREATY MADE AND CONCLUDED AT BIDWELL'S RANCH, ON CHICO CREEK, AUGUST 1, 1851, BETWEEN O.M.WOZENCRAFT, UNITED STATES INDIAN AGENT, AND THE CHIEFS CAPTIANS AND HEADMEN OF THE MI-CHOP-DA, ES-KUIN, ETC., TRIBES OF INDIANS.
A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded at Bidwell's Ranch, on Chico Creek, California, between the United States Indian Agent, O. M. Woxencraft, of the one part, and the captains and head men of the following tribes, viz: the Mi-chop-da, Es-kuin, &c.
ARTICLE 1. The several tribes above mentioned do acknowledge the United States to be the sole and absolute sovereign of all the soil and territory ceded to them by a treaty of peace made between them and the republic of Mexico.
ARTICLE 2. The said tribes of Indians acknowledge themselves, jointly and severally, under the exclusive jurisdiction, authority and protection of the United States, and hereby bind themselves hereafter to refrain from the commission of all acts of hostility and aggression towards the government or citizens thereof, and with all other Indian tribes which are now or may come under the protection of the United States; and furthermore bind themselves to conform to and be governed by the laws and regulations of the Indian bureau, made and provided therefor by the Congress of the United States.
ARTICLE 3. To promote the settlement and improvement of said tribes or bands, it is hereby stipulated and agreed that the following district of country, in the State of California, shall be and is hereby set apart for the sole use and occupancy of the aforesaid tribes of Indians, to wit: commencing at a point on the Feather river, two miles above the town of Hamilton, and extending thence northwesterly to the northeast corner of Neal's grant, thence northwesterly along the boundries of Neal's, Hensley's and Bidwell's grant to the northeast corner of the last named grant, thence northeasterly six miles, thence southeasterly parallel with the line extending from the begining point to the northeast corner of Bidwell's grant to Feather river, and thence down said river to the place of begining. Provided, That there is reserved to the government of the United States the right of way over any portion of said territory, and the right to establish and maintain any military post or posts, public buildings, school houses, houses for agents, teachers, and such others as they may deem necessary for their use or the protection of the Indians. The said tribes or bands, and each of them, hereby engage that they will never claim any other lands within the boundries of the United States, nor ever disturb the people of the United States in the free use and enjoyment thereof.
ARTICLE 4. To aid the said tribes of Indians in their subsistence while removing to and making their settlement upon the said reservation, the United States will furnish them, free of all charge, with two thousand five hundred head of beef-cattle to average in weight five hundred pounds, three hundred and fifty sacks of flour of one hundred pounds each, within the term of twoyears from the date of this treaty.
ARTICLE 5. As early as convenient after the ratification of this treaty by the President and Senate, in consideration of the promises, and with a sincere desire to encourage said tribes in acquiring the arts and habits of civilized life, the United States will also furnish them with the following articles, (to be divided among them by the agent according to their respective numbers and wants,) during each of the two years succeeding the said ratification, viz: one pair strong pantaloons and one red flannel shirt for each man and boy; one linsey gown for each woman and girl; seven thousand yards calico, seventeen hundred yards of brown sheeting, seventy pounds Scotch thread, four dozen pairs of scissors, fourteen dozen thimbles, five thousand needles, one two and a half point Mackinaw blanket for each man and woman over fifteen years of age; seven thousand pound of iron and six thousand pounds of steel; and in like manner in the first year for the permanent use of said tribes, and as their joint property, viz: one hundred and thirty brood-mares and seven stallions, six hundred young cows, thirty-six bulls, twenty yoke of working oxen with yokes and chains, twenty work mules or horses, forty-two ploughs, assorted sizes, three hundred and forty corn hoes, one hundred and forty spades, and twenty grindstones. Of the stock enumerated above, and the product thereof, no part or portion shall be killed, exchanged, sold, or otherwise parted with, without the consent and direction of the agent.
ARTICLE 6. The United States will also employ and settle among said tribes, at or near their towns or settlements, one practical farmer, who shall superintend all agricultural operations, with two assistants, men of practical knowledge and industrious habits; one carpenter, one wheelwright, one blacksmith, oneprincipal school-teacher, and as many assistant teachers as the President may deem proper to instruct said tribes in reading, writing, &c., and in the domestic arts upon the manual labor system; all the above workmen and teachers to be maintained and paid by the United States for the period of five years, and as long thereafter as the President shall deem advisable. The United States will also erect suitable school houses, shops and dwellings for the accommodation of the school-teachers, mechanics, agriculturists and assistants above specified, and for the protection of the public property.
In testimony whereof, the parties have hereunto signed their names and affixed their seals this first day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one.
United States Indian Agent.
For and in behalf of the Mi-chop-da.
LUCK-Y-AN, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Es-kuin.
MO-LA-YO, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Ho-lo-lu-pi.
WIS-MUCK, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the To-to.
WE-NO-KE, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Su-nus.
WA-TEL-LI, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Che-no.
YO-LO-SA, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Bat-si.
YON-NI-CHI-NO, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Yut-duc.
SO-MIE-LA, his x mark [SEAL]
For and in behalf of the Sim-sa-wa.
PO-MA-KO, his x mark [SEAL]
Signed, sealed, and delivered, after being fully explained, in presence of --
Edw. H. Fitzgerald, Brevet major first dragoons.
George Stoneman, Lieutenant first dragoons.
Thomas Wright, second lieutenant second infantry.